Based in Sydney, Australia, Foundry is a blog by Rebecca Thao. Her posts explore modern architecture through photos and quotes by influential architects, engineers, and artists.

The Authority of Scripture

THE INSPIRATION AND AUTHORITY OF HOLY SCRIPTURE

All Scripture is breathed out by God... – 2 Timothy 3:16

“…Formerly all that was necessary to affirm one’s belief in full inspiration was the statement, “I believe in the inspiration of the Bible.” But when some did not extend inspiration to the words of the text it became necessary to say, “I believe in the verbal inspiration of the Bible.” To counter the teaching that not all parts of the Bible were inspired, one had to say, “I believe in the verbal, plenary inspiration of the Bible.” Then because some did not want to ascribe total accuracy to the Bible, it was necessary to say, “I believe in the verbal, plenary, infallible, inerrant inspiration of the Bible.” But then “infallible” and “inerrant” began to be limited to matters of faith only rather than also embracing all that the Bible records [historically, scientifically, etc.] so it became necessary to add the concept of “unlimited inerrancy.” Each addition to the basic statement arose because of an erroneous teaching...” Charles Ryrie; “Basic Theology” (1986)

 

Ø  VERBAL INSPIRATIONEvery word of the Bible is inspired or “breathed” by God. God through the Holy Spirit directly guided the exact words recorded by the Biblical writers as they wrote the Scriptures.

·      Matthew 5:17-18 – 17 “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. 18 For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

·      Mark 13:31 – Heaven and earth will pass away but my words will not pass away.

·      2 Peter 1:21 –  For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

·      2 Timothy 3:16-17 – 16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,  17 that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.

 

Ø  PLENARY INSPIRATIONAll of the Bible is inspired by God, not just certain portions. Plenary means “fully.” There is no portion of our Bible more authoritative than another. Not even the words of Jesus are more authoritative than the writings of any other writer.  

·      2 Peter 1:20-21 – 20 knowing this first of all, that no prophesy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. 21 For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

·      2 Timothy 3:16-17 – 16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.

 

Ø  SUFFICIENCYThe Bible is God’s final, complete, and glorious revelation to mankind. God’s Word is true and comprehensive. The believer will find all they need in reference to the knowledge of God and His will for their life in the pages of Scripture. There is no further need for addition revelation, visions, or words of prophesy.

·      Jude 1:3 – Beloved, although I was very eager to write to you about our common salvation, I found it necessary to write appealing to you to contend for the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints.

·      Hebrews 1:1-2 – 1 Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.

·      2 Timothy 3:15-17 – 15 and that from childhood you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. 16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.

 

Ø  INERRANCYThe Bible is without error or fault in all it’s teaching. The Bible is totally reliable and truthful. It is not only accurate in matters related to faith and practice, but it is accurate and without error with regard to any statement, period.

·      2 Peter 1:20-21 – 20 knowing this first of all, that no prophesy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. 21 For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

·      John 17:17 – Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.

·      Hebrews 6:18a – so that by two unchangeable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie

·      Titus 1:2-3 – 2 in hope of eternal life, which God, who never lies, promised before the ages began 3 and at the proper time manifested in his word through the preaching with which I have been entrusted by the command of God our Savior…

 

Ø  PERSPECUITYGod has clearly revealed to us His person and will in His word in a perspicuous and lucid manner. The Bible can be understood, as indeed it was given to us to be so. This clarity was intended to make all men fully accountable to its message. God’s written Word can be handled properly, implying it can be misunderstood and handled improperly. Therefore the expectation is a logical and concise interpretation.

·      2 Peter 1:19 – And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts…

·      Psalm 119:130 – The unfolding of your words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple.

·      Hebrews 4:12-13 – 12 For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart. 13 And no creature is hidden from his sight, but all are naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give account.

·      2 Timothy 3:16-17 – 16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.

·      2 Timothy 2:15 – Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth.

 

Ø  CANONICITYGod has sovereignly superintended the selection of authoritative writings we call Scripture. As with human authorship, the Spirit of God governed human selection, that men would discover what God had determined as authoritative for His purposes for His people and His Church.

·      1 Thessalonians 2:13 – And we also thank God constantly for this, that when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men but as what it really is, the word of God, which is at work in you believers.

·      2 Peter 1:19-21 – 19 And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts  20 knowing this first of all, that no prophesy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. 21 For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

·      Deuteronomy 4:2 – You shall not add to the word that I command you, nor take from it, that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God that I command you.

·      Deuteronomy 12:32 – Whatever I command you, you shall be careful to do; you shall not add to nor take away from it.

·      Psalm 119:16 – The sum of your word is truth, and every one of your righteous rules endures forever.

·      Proverbs 30:5-6 – 5 Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. 6 Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar.

·      Revelation 22:18-19 – 18 I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.

·      Hebrews 1:1-2 – 1 Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.

·      Matthew 28:19-20 – 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

·      2 Peter 3:15-16 – 15 And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, 16 as he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters. There are some things in them that are hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other Scriptures.

 

To lack the affirmation of any of the above points is not only to deny the truth of Scripture but also to take a position on the authority of Scripture where one finds himself in theological quicksand; as you will notice, each point is built on (if not overlaps with) another. The logical end to the contradiction of any of these points is falsehood, and an inevitable rejection sovereignty and purpose of God. The affirmation of these points is necessary for an accurate commitment to the inspiration and authority of Scripture. 

A Call For Discernment

You Don't Get to Decide if You Love Jesus.